Indian Pioneer Papers - Index
Indian Pioneer History Project for Oklahoma
Date: August 17,
Name: Mr. Jesse
Post Office: Pauls Valley,
Date of Birth: 1845
Place of Birth: North
Father: J. M. Chipman,
Information on Father: born in North
Mother: Mary Armfield
Information on Mother: born in North
Field Worker: Maurice R. Anderson
In 1863 I joined the Confederate Army and was assigned
to Captain Jim SHANNON's company. We were stationed along Red River to
keep the Indians from coming over into Texas and killing and stealing
cattle. I was with Captain Shannon's company for about a year. We
would cross Red River and make a circle through the Indian Territory on the
border of the Comanche Country on the lookout for Indians. But during my
stay with Captain Shannon we never did get into any trouble with the Indians
although we chased a crowd of them for three days once, but never did overtake
After the War my father got the contract to haul corn
and oats from Texas to Fort Arbuckle. I drove one wagon for him.
We only had steers to work then. This was in 1886. I remember we
crossed Red River near where the Washita River empties into Red River.
This was a cattle trail we were coming over and we followed t his trail until
we got to about where Sulphur is now, and from there on we cut our own
We camped one night at a store west of where Davis is
now, on the Washita River. This store was owned by a white man who had
an Indian wife. Just up the river a short ways from where we crossed
there was a camp of Indians. We crossed the river at the ford where the
government stage crossed on its way to Fort Arbuckle. This government
stage and mail route came from Caddo to Fort Arbuckle and from Fort Arbuckle
to Fort Sill.
I believe there was a company of soldiers at Fort
Arbuckle in 1866. That was the year that we hauled corn and oats to Fort
Arbuckle. My next trip to the Indian Territory was in 1882 and I settled
near where the town of Ryan is now. There was no town there then.
I bought a lease and farmed or tried to farm but the Comanche Indians were so
bad about stealing cattle and horses that I was forced to move. I only
had a small herd of cattle at that time. I moved to where Ardmore is now
in the Spring of 1883.
There had been a ranch there called the 700 Ranch but
according to an old settler living a few miles south of this ranch the Indians
had made a raid on this ranch and had driven off most of the cattle and the
man who owned the ranch took what few cattle he had left and
I settled on this place and built two log houses and
these two log houses are still there about a hundred yards south of where the
depot is now.
I had the largest part of the land that Ardmore now
stands on in corn one year and when the railroad came through there, I sold my
lease and moved to what was called at that time, Kickapoo Flats. This
was about five miles west of Whitebead Hill.
I farmed there two years and then I came to Whitebead
Hill and began buying cattle for Mr. S. J. GARVIN. Mr. Garvin owned the
general store at Whitebead, where there was a drug store, a hotel, blacksmith
shop, stage barn, church house and a school building. This school was a
boarding school before the railroad was built from Pauls Valley to
Lindsay. After the railroad was built the stage line was stopped.
The stage went from Caddo to Fort Sill. It came by Mill Creek, Cherokee
Town, Pauls Valley, White Bead Hill, Beef Creek, now Maysville, Rush Springs
and Fort Sill.
After the court was established at Pauls Valley, I moved
there and went to farming and I still live in Pauls Valley.
Submitted to OKGenWeb by
Brenda Choate <email@example.com> November 2000.