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  Choctaw County Oklahoma Genealogy

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              Off-Site Links
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Goodland Children's Home
   
Doakesville Historic Site
   
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 Reference
     Section Range System
    
Oklahoma Resource Page
    
Dawes Roll Search
    
Census - 1860
    
RR / DoT Maps
    
Push Co. USGenNet website
    
Choctaw Nation - Official Site
    
Civil War in Indian Territory
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Freedmen of the 5 Tribes
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Volunteer Award of Appreciation - presented by the County Coordinator for outstanding contribution to the county genweb site
awarded to JoLynn Self - March 31, 2003 - 40+ cemeteries / countless headstone photos
awarded to Bessie Meredith - August 9, 2005 - 350+ obits / 3 cemeteries

LOOKUP VOLUNTEERS
The following have volunteered to do lookups
Bessie Linn - census

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WELCOME TO CHOCTAW COUNTY OKLAHOMA

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location of Choctaw County map (c) Ron Henson

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     OKCHOCTA is part of the OKGenWeb and USGenWeb genealogical service - dedicated to free online historical and genealogical information. "Free" doesn't mean the material is without copyright protection. All material on this site is copyrighted by the original submitters. Please respect their hard work and dedication by not reposting this material to other websites.
     Currently there are over 4,100 obits; information on 125 county cemeteries; and over 9,500 headstone photos available online. 19,552 county burials have been recorded and over 10,000 images including maps of the county and the Choctaw Nation are available. Location maps of cemeteries, county schools and communities are also online.

 

   

BRIEF HISTORY OF CHOCTAW COUNTY

 

RESEARCH NOTES

     Choctaw County was created at statehood in 1907 and takes its name from the Indian tribal name, "Chahta." Located in southern Oklahoma and bordering Texas, Choctaw County contains 774 square miles, which ranks it 42nd in size with other Oklahoma counties. Hugo is its county seat. Today (2000 census) Choctaw County has a population of 15,342 people (down from a high in 1920 of 32,144) with 19.8 people per square mile.
     The 1860 Choctaw Nation constitution divided the Nation into 3 districts; Pushmataha, Apukshunubbee, and Mushulatubbee. Each district was further divided into counties. Present day Choctaw County was created in 1907 out of the districts of Apukshunubbee and Pushmataha and contains portions of Jackson, Kiamitia (Kiamichi), Cedar and Towson counties of the Choctaw Nation (political subdivisions).

     Fort Towson (restored by the Oklahoma Historical Society) sits just 15 miles east of Hugo. Indian Territory's second fort, it was founded in 1824 to protect the then Spanish border. Abandoned by the US Army in 1854, it was used as a Choctaw Indian Agency until the Civil War, when it was used as the Confederate military headquarters for Indian Territory.  Other historical interests include the site of Doaksville, important early-day trading center, established by fur traders in 1821, and the former Choctaw Nation Capitol where the last Confederate general of the Civil War surrendered. Near the old military post is Oklahoma's oldest existing residence. Known as the "Old Chiefs House," the two-story log house was built in 1832 for the District Chief Thomas LeFlore of the well-known Choctaw family of French descent. After the Civil War, it served as the temporary first school for blacks. Goodland Presbyterian Children's Home, oldest agency in continuous operation in the state and the oldest Protestant home for children in the United States, is 4 miles south of Hugo. The chapel on its grounds is Oklahoma's oldest continuously used church, built in 1852. Many old pre-Civil War Cemeteries still exist, such as Rose Hill (the resting place of Colonel Robert M. Jones who was rated the wealthiest man in the Choctaw Nation before the War of Northern Aggression).
     Hugo, at the intersection of the old Frisco and Arkansas and Choctaw railroads, has gained national acclaim for revitalizing its impressive railroad legacy and for capturing the magical days of railroad in its Frisco Depot Museum owned by the Choctaw County Historical Society. More information is available from the Choctaw County Chamber of Commerce, (580) 326-7511. Hugo is also the winter headquarters of both the five-ring Carson & Barnes Circus and its sister circus, the  Kelly-Miller Bros. Circus. With over 50 years of circus tradition, at one time serving as the winter headquarters for 12 traveling circuses, Hugo is known as Circus City, USA. Both Circuses annually entertain hundreds of thousands of fans across America and Canada. A special section of Mt. Olivet cemetery, Showmen's Rest, is reserved for circus performers and workers. In addition, Mt. Olivet is the final resting place for rodeo legends Freckles Brown and Lane Frost.

some of the above from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website

 

 

     Choctaw County did not exist prior to Oklahoma statehood in 1907 thus there will be no census data for an area called "Choctaw County" prior to 1910. As neither Choctaw County nor the state of Oklahoma existed before 1907 there will be no county or state records before that date. County marriage records begin in November 1907.
     For 1900 census information, look at the Indian Territory census for the Choctaw Nation.
     If your ancestor lived in the Choctaw Nation that does not mean they lived in Choctaw County. Please remember that the Choctaw Nation covered all or part of 13 modern day counties. If you're not sure where in the Choctaw Nation you should be looking you may need to research each county GenWeb site. There are 12 other modern day counties that you need to look at.
     Death certificates in Oklahoma began in October 1908 but mandatory reporting did not begin until 1917. Unfortunately, widespread compliance with the mandatory reporting did not take place until 1930-40. Death Certificate searches, especially in the rural areas, may be "iffy" between 1908 and 1940. All death certificate records are maintained by the state of Oklahoma. There are no known death records maintained by Choctaw County. Online forms for requesting death certificates can be found on the Oklahoma State Dept. of Health website. The fee is currently $10 and the application requires a photocopy of your current photo ID. Marriage Records however are maintained by the county and not the state. These records are located in the Court Clerk's office at the County Courthouse.
     At this time the only microfilm records available locally are at the Public Library in Hugo. The local newspaper does not maintain any newspapers more than a few years old. The library has an excellent collection of county newspapers on microfilm which are also available at the Oklahoma Historical Society in Oklahoma City. The local library also houses the Choctaw County Genealogical Society's collection.
     In addition to the records available in the Heritage Room of the local library, probably the best equipped research library in the area is the Bryan County Heritage Association in Calera, south of Durant in Bryan Co.

WHAT DOES "OKCHOCTA" MEAN?

     The name "OKCHOCTA" comes from the "OK" state project code and the first 6 characters of the county name "CHOCTAw". The final "w" in Choctaw is dropped to maintain an 8 character filename, thus OKCHOCTA.

 

NOTICE
ON CONTRIBUTING FILES TO OKCHOCTA

     When contributing files to OKCHOCTA, please DO NOT use any spaces, commas or periods in the filename. The only "dot" or "period" in the filename MUST be ONLY between the filename and the extension; i.e., "filename.jpg" DO NOT use any other special characters such as "&" in the filename. If you need a space in the filename use the underscore "_" or the hyphen character "-". For example: "lastname_firstname-middlename.jpg" Spaces, special characters and  extra dots are not accepted by our Unix server. It will take longer to get your files online if they have to be renamed. Thanks for your help. Click Here to email your material to the County Coordinator.

 

The emphasis of this website is Choctaw County Oklahoma. Confusing to many researchers, the city of Choctaw, Oklahoma is not in Choctaw County. If you're interested in the city of Choctaw, you need to visit the Oklahoma County or the City of Choctaw websites. Additionally, Choctaw County was not the Choctaw Nation, we are a small part of the once large Nation that covered most of southeast Oklahoma.

the 3 Choctaws
location of Choctaw County image (c) Ron Henson location of the City of Choctaw image (c) Ron Henson location of the Choctaw Nation image (c) Ron Henson

Choctaw County is located in S.E.
Oklahoma. The county seat is Hugo

The City of Choctaw is located in central Oklahoma
and has no connection to this website

The Choctaw Nation
was much of S.E. Oklahoma


Choctaw Nation 1905
other maps located on the map page

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CHOCTAW COUNTY NEIGHBORS
image (c) Ron Henson
Atoka | Bryan | Choctaw | Fannin Co., Tx | Lamar Co., Tx | McCurtain | Pushmataha | Red River Co., Tx

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Cemeteries | Obituaries | Headstones | Marriages | Photos | Bios & Tidbits | Maps | Pioneer Papers | Guestbook | HOME

updated 1/11/2013

OKCHOCTA
Choctaw County Oklahoma Genealogy

email your County Coordinator Ron Henson

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