The Story of Bill Doolin & the Wild Bunch
William “Bill” Doolin was born in
1858 in Johnson County, Arkansas. In 1881, at the age of 23, he drifted
west working at odd jobs and eventually ended up in Caldwell, KS were he
met Oscar D. Halsall of Texas. Halsall hired Doolin to work for him on his
ranch on the Cimarron River in Oklahoma Territory. Doolin soon became a
top hand for Halsall.
It was during this time of working as
a cowboy that he would meet most of the members of his future Wild Bunch.
Working on the ranches in Oklahoma, Bill Doolin would meet George
"Bitter Creek" Newcomb, Charlie Pierce, Bill Power, Dick
Broadwell, Bill "Tulsa Jack" Blake, and Emmett Dalton.
Doolin's first brush with the law came
in the summer of 1891, while working on the Bar X Bar Ranch. Several of
the cowboys decided to celebrate the 4th of July holiday by riding over to
Coffeyville, KS and throwing a party. There was a keg of beer there and
the law showed up. Kansas was a dry state. When they tried to confiscate
the beer there was a shoot-out, and two officers were wounded. From that
day on Bill Doolin was on the dodge.
By September of 1891, Bill Doolin was
riding with the Dalton Brothers. He participated in the train robberies at
Leliaetta, I. T., Red Rock, OT, and Adair, I. T. Several reasons have been
given as to why Bill Doolin did not join the Dalton Gang on their fateful
raid on two banks in Coffeyville,
KS on Oct. 5, 1892. It has even been
rumored that he was the mysterious sixth rider that day.
But whether he was the sixth man, or
Bob Dalton was jealous of his growing popularity in the gang, or that Bob
considered him too much of a "wildcat" and too uncontrollable,
one thing is for sure, he was a lucky man that day.
With the death of the Daltons in
Coffeyville, there were still three members of the Dalton gang at large
and they didn't waste time resuming their work. On Oct. 12, 1892, seven
days after the raid, John J. Kloehr of Coffeyville, the citizen who shot
three of the Daltons, received a letter stating that there was three
members of the gang left alive and that they were coming to Coffeyville to
exact their revenge.
Needless to say, this put the citizens
of Coffeyville in a near state of panic. In the meantime, that same night
the train at Caney, KS, eighteen miles west of Coffeyville was robbed by
four masked men. While never proved, Bill Doolin is credited with both
Now on their own, Doolin, Newcomb, and
Pierce would have no problem in finding new recruits for their gang. The
first to join was Oliver "Ol" Yantis. On Nov. 1, 1892 he would
join Doolin and Newcomb and robbed the Ford County Bank at Spearville, KS.
After the robbery, the trio split up to throw off any pursuing posse.
However, marshals were able to track Yantis to his sister's farm near
Orlando, OT and on Nov. 30 they surprised him at daybreak and killed him
in a brief gun battle.
By the end of 1892, four more members
had joined the gang, Bill Blake, alias Tulsa Jack, Dan Clifton, alias
Dynamite Dick, George "Red Buck" Waightman, and William
"Bill" Dalton, brother of the infamous Dalton Boys.
By the spring of 1893 the gang was
riding high. Their reputation was growing and their deeds were becoming
bolder. On March 14, 1893 Bill Doolin and Edith Ellsworth of Ingalls, OT
were married in Kingfisher OT. Whether
Edith knew Bill was an outlaw at the time is not known, but throughout his
career as an outlaw she stuck by him, all the time keeping the marriage a
secret and meeting him secretly.
For a "wedding present" the
gang robbed the train near Cimarron, KS on June 11, 1893. While being
pursued by a posse, Bill Doolin was shot and wounded in the left foot. He
would recover from his wound, but it would leave him with a limp and
plague him the rest of his life, and would be the contributing factor in
his capture years later.
By now, Roy Daugherty (a.k.a. Arkansas
Tom Jones) had joined the gang. Unfortunately for him, he had joined the
gang just in time for a surprise the marshals had been cooking up for the
Wild Bunch. US Deputy Marshals had learned that the Doolin-Dalton gang had
been using the town of Ingalls, OT as a hideout the summer of 1893 between
On Sept. 1, 1893, two wagons loaded
with thirteen marshals and posse men entered the town of Ingalls. In the
fierce battle that ensued, three deputy marshals were killed, two innocent
bystanders were killed and one was wounded, two of the bandits were
wounded, and Arkansas Tom was captured. He was sentenced to fifty years in
In early 1894 the gang was hard at
work. Two more members, William F. Raidler (a.k.a. Little Bill) and
Richard West (a.k.a. Little Dick) had joined the Wild Bunch. They robbed
the Farmers & Citizens Bank in Pawnee, OT on Jan. 23, 1894. On March
13, 1894, two men robbed the railroad station at Woodwind, OT.
It was believed to be Bill Doolin and Bill Dalton. Then on May 10,
1894, seven members of Wild Bunch robbed the bank in Southwest City, MO.
In a shoot-out with townsfolk, one of the bandits was wounded, one citizen
was killed, and three were wounded.
Bill Dalton was not present at the
Southwest City robbery, he had left the Wild Bunch and formed his own gang
that spring. On May 23, 1894 Jim Wallace, Big Asa Knight, Jim Knight, and
George Bennett joined up with Bill Dalton to rob the First National Bank
in Longview, TX. Bennett is killed and 1 citizen was killed and 3 were
wounded in the attempted getaway. The law trailed Bill Dalton to his
hideout northwest of Ardmore, I. T. and surprised and killed him on the
morning of June 8, 1894.
Early in 1895 the deputy marshals
suspected the gang was hiding out in the Ingalls area. On March 3, 1895,
deputies surrounded the cave at the Dunn farm and ordered the bandits to
come out. When none appeared, they used dynamite to coax them out.
Although the raid did net the law several men wanted for various crimes,
none of them were of the Wild Bunch. They had left the day before.
On April 3, 1895 the Wild Bunch would
pull its last job as a gang. They boarded the train at Dover, OT and
proceeded to rob it and the passengers. After the robbery the gang would
make its way west at leisurely pace unaware that a posse had formed and
fast moving in on them. At 2:00 p.m. the posse caught up with the gang as
they were camped near Ames, OT. In
the gun battle with the deputies Tulsa Jack was killed. The rest of the
gang was able to getaway, but they would split up and never re-unite as a
With high rewards on their heads, the
gang would scatter. The marshals were now using a new tactic in its
efforts to rid the territory of the gang. They had used the reward money
and outstanding warrants for cattle rustling to induce the Dunns into
giving them information as to the movements of the gang.
The Dunns had a farm near Ingalls, but
was never part of the gang. However, they did give the gang a place to
hide out and information about the deputies, as well as fence some of the
stolen goods the gang had.
On May 1, 1895, while hiding out at
the Dunn farm, Bitter Creek Newcomb and Charlie Pierce were shot while
they lay asleep in their beds by Bill, John, and Dal Dunn. They took the
bodies to Guthrie and turned them over to the marshal for the $5,000
With his buddies dying off one by one,
Bill Doolin saw the handwriting on the wall. He had his lawyers get in
touch with US Deputy Marshall Nix three times that summer and offered to
turn himself in if Marshal Nix would promise him a light sentence on
robbery. Marshal Nix refused. The only thing left for Doolin was to leave
the territory. He made his way to New Mexico and joined up with Little
Dick West. Together they hid out there the rest of the summer of 1895.
On Sept. 6, 1895, the law was able to
bring another member of the gang to justice. Bill Raidler was seriously
wounded and captured by Marshal Bill Tilghman near Pawhuska, OT. He stood
trial for his part in the Dover robbery and was found guilty and sentenced
to 10 years. He was paroled in
1903 and returned to OK.
Tiring of New Mexico, Doolin returned
to Oklahoma to gather his family. By this time Bill and Edith had a son.
Together with his family he set out to make a new life for himself. They
lived the last part of 1895 near Burden, KS. But the law wasn't finished
with Bill Doolin.
Deputy Marshal Tilghman learned of
Edith Doolin's disappearance from the Ingalls area and was able to trail
her to Burden. However, he was too late, Edith had returned to Oklahoma
and a man named "Tom Wilson" had gone to Eureka Springs, AK to
seek the healing treatment of the hot spas there to ease the pain of his
rheumatism rendered by many gunshot wounds.
Tilghman suspected it was Doolin and
proceeded to Eureka Springs were he did indeed find Doolin and was able to
get the drop on him and capture him. He returned him to Guthrie and for
the first time in his life Bill Doolin was behind bars.
With Bill Doolin behind bars, the rest
of the gang was being rounded up quickly. Red Buck Waightman was killed in
gun battle with deputy marshals near Arapaho, OT on March 4, 1896.
Dynamite Dick Clifton was arrested on a whiskey charge in Texas. Deputy
Marshal Frank Canton brought him back to Oklahoma to face a murder charge,
delivering him to the Guthrie jail on June 22. Thanks to the law Bill
Doolin and Dynamite Dick were back together.
Then on July 5, 1896, Bill Doolin,
Dynamite Dick, and twelve other prisoners escaped from the Guthrie jail.
Outside the jail, Bill was able to make it back to Lawson, OT were Edith
was staying with her folks. Once again they made plans to leave the
territory and make a new start somewhere else for their family. Once again
the law was closing in him. On Aug. 24, 1896 Bill Doolin was ambushed and
killed by Deputy Marshal Heck Thomas's posse.
What happen to the rest of the gang? Dynamite Dick Clifton and Little Dick West were all that was left of the Wild Bunch. They would go on and join up with the Jennings Gang but later leave that gang and eventually be track down and killed by the law. Dynamite Dick Clifton was killed by deputies on Nov. 7, 1896 near Checotah, I. T. Little Dick West was killed on April 8, 1898 by Deputy Marshal Heck Thomas's posse.
© Contributed by Dennis Muncrief, February 2009.