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Pottawatomie County, located in central Oklahoma 35.2019 N, 96.9449 W, is surrounded by Cleveland County, Lincoln County, McClain County, Okfuskee County, Oklahoma County, Pontotoc County, and Seminole County. Pottawatomie County was settled by the Seminole, Creek, Citizen Band Potawatomi, now called the Citizen Potawatomi Nation, Absentee Shawnee, Kickapoo, Sac and Fox and other Indian Tribes.

The land was opened to white settlement in the land run of 1891 and was designated as County “B.” Although spelled differently, the County name was changed by vote in 1892 to honor the Potawatomi Indians and means “people of the place of fire."

Tecumseh, originally the County Seat, lost to the fast growing community of Shawnee. Incidentally, Shawnee was also in competition for the State Capitol. City leaders even went so far as to build a governor’s house.

The oil and railroad industries were vital to the development of some Pottawatomie County towns and to the decline of others. Agriculture, however, remains a mainstay of the County’s economy. Pottawatomie County has two institutions of higher education, Oklahoma Baptist University and St. Gregory's University. Offices of the Shawnee, Potawatomi and Sac and Fox Tribes are located in the County.

According to the 1990 census,  58,760  Pottawatomie County citizens are spread over 783 square miles.


Pottawatomie County Courthouse
325 North Broadway; Shawnee, Oklahoma 74801
(405) 273- 3624
Monday through Friday, 8:00 a.m. until 5:00 p.m. excluding holidays


Shawnee Library
101 North Philadelphia
 Shawnee, Oklahoma  74802
(405) 275- 6353.


Tecumseh Library
114 North Broadway
Tecumseh, Oklahoma 74873
(405) 275-598- 5955

© 2009 By Susan Morris. This page may not be mirrored or copied in whole or in part without my consent. Information contained herein may be freely used by genealogists in their research.

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